Genetic Disorders | Hemophilia | Color Blindness | Down Syndrome

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Genetic Disorders

Genetic Disorders
Genetic Disorders

1. Color Blindness : Its Patients Are Unable To Distinguish Between ‘Red’ And ‘Green’. The Disease Is Present On The ‘X Chromosome’. If A Color Blind Man Is Married To A Normal Woman, Then Among His Children The Girl Will Be Color Blind And The Boys Will Be Normal. Color Blind Genetic Disorder – If A Woman With A Genetic Disease Is Married To A Normal Man, Then Half Of Her Children Will Be Color Blind And Half Normal.

2. Hemophilia This Disease Is Found Only In Men. Women Are The Carriers Of The Genes Of This Disease. Women Can Also Suffer From This Disease, But This Will Happen Only If A Hemophilic Man Marries A Woman Carrying Haemophilia. Since Hemophilic Genes Are Lethal, Hemophilic Males Die Before They Are Young And Marriage Cannot Take Place. Therefore, This Disease Does Not Occur Often In Women. Genetic Disorder – In The Condition Of The Genetic Disease Haemophilia, The Blood Is Not Able To Clot Due To Injury And The Person Dies Due To Excessive Bleeding.

3. Night Blindness : Its Patient Does Not See Clearly In The Evening And At Night.

4. Down Syndrome It Is Also Called Mongoloid Disease, In This Condition The Number Of Chromosomes Becomes 47 Instead Of 46. As A Result The Face Protrudes Outwards, The Lips Become Cracked, The Skin Becomes Dry, The Length Becomes Shorter.

5. Sickle Cell Anaemia : In This Disease, Red Blood Cells Become Sick In The Absence Of Oxygen. As A Result, The Number Of Red Blood Cells Decreases.

6. Phenylketonuria ( Phynylke-Tonuria ): Amino Acids Are Not Produced In The Body Of This Patient, Due To Which The Toxin Accumulates In The Body And Proper Development Of The Brain And Body Is Blocked.

7. Albinism : In The Condition Of This Disease, The Skin Cells Are Not Formed, As A Result Of Which The Person Becomes Color Blind.

8. Thalassemia It Is Also Known As Coolianemia . This Disease Affects Hemoglobin.

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